Gum disease or periodontal disease is an ongoing mouth infection that happens when infection surrounds the teeth. It can happen for a variety of reasons, including neglected oral health, heredity, and other health problems that can cause or worsen gum disease. There are several stages of gum disease and a plethora of reasons why people showing signs and symptoms of gum disease need to see a periodontist promptly. Beyond causing pain, discomfort, sensitivity, swelling, bleeding, and loose teeth periodontal disease can lead to other diseases, too. There are a number of systemic links, including but not limited to: heart disease, stroke, osteoporosis, diabetes, kidney disease, pregnancy complications, and cancer.
Stages of Periodontal Disease
Periodontal disease is progressive, with several stages that begin at gingivitis and that can continue to periodontitis and then advanced periodontitis. While the beginning stages of gum disease may only involve some bleeding gums without any pain, it's important to address it as soon as possible. In our Uptown Houston, Texas dental office, the sooner we treat your gum disease, the easier it is to reverse it. Also, the sooner you treat it the lower the chances of it resulting in bone loss, tooth loss, and other diseases.
Gum disease stages and typical symptoms include:
Gingivitis - Gingivitis typically involves bleeding gums and can include red and / or swollen gums and persistent mouth odor. Pockets around teeth begin to develop. The more time passes, the deeper the pockets get and the deeper the pockets, the more room there is for bacteria to grow, thrive, and invoke havoc on your oral and overall health.
Periodontitis - When gum disease advances, pockets deepen and pain and discomfort can become more frequent. At this stage, you'll start experiencing significant bone deterioration, which can lead to advanced periodontitis.
Advanced Periodontitis - When periodontal disease advances, teeth loosen and may fall out. Beyond the obvious signs of problems in the mouth, the mouth infection enters your bloodstream and could be causing other health problems, too.
Do you have periodontal disease? What is the stage? Even early stages of periodontal disease can impact your overall health. Whether you have the early stages of gum disease, such as Gingivitis, or have advanced periodontal disease it's vital to get treatment. We offer surgical and non-surgical periodontal treatment options to help you as well as a plethora of services including general and cosmetic dentistry. Call (713) 697-4000 to make an appointment so we can help you assess your gums and periodontal treatment options.